The “Zika Platform for long-term surveillance for Zika and its consequences” aims to improve scientific knowledge about the disease and support the adoption of more appropriate public health measures to deal with the triple epidemic caused by Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya. It is structured in five central axes that will develop integrated solutions related to epidemiological studies; research prospecting; development of collaborative networks between society, scientific and technological institutions; security procedures, privacy and data curation; and science precepts and open data. The initiative will have a Birth Cohort to follow the registration of children born in Brazil for a period of 30 years. Data on morbidity and mortality, social, and services will be analyzed, aiming at improving the scientific knowledge about the consequences of the Zika Virus and support in adopting more adequate measures to deal with the triple epidemic.
In February 2015, the first cases of Zika were detected in Brazil and, months later, the association of virus infection with the growth of the number of babies born with congenital anomalies, especially in the Northeast region, was confirmed. The scientific community was mobilized, revealing a unique virus: not only transmitted by vector (Aedes aegypti), but also by sexual relations, blood transfusion and gestation. In addition, the infection has clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to neurological problems, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, and, in severe cases, death. In view of this scenario and lack of knowledge about the disease, the “Zika Platform – Long-term surveillance platform for Zika and its consequences” was coordinated by the Center for Data Integration and Knowledge for Health (Cidacs / IGM / Fiocruz). in partnership with the Ministry of Health (through the Secretariat of Health Surveillance – SVS).
More than 40 researchers from Fiocruz (Rio de Janeiro / Brasília / Bahia), Federal University of Bahia, Universidade de Brasília and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine collaborate with the platform.