The objective of the Platform for Studies and Research on Equity and Urban Sustainability and its Effects on Health is to develop studies and research focused on issues related to the equity and sustainability of urban areas and their effects on health.
Intense urbanization has been one of the characteristics of the human development process in recent decades. In Brazil and in the rest of Latin America, more than 85% and 80% of their respective populations live in urban areas. Urban spaces are considered as poles of attraction for opportunities, due to the benefits promoted by the agglomerations of individuals and the means necessary to improving well-being and improving the quality of life of individuals and populations. However, these concentrated spaces also generate many old and new economic, social and environmental problems, induced mainly by a common element – inequality. This is manifested in a variety of ways, which means that the opportunities and access to the advances achieved are unevenly distributed. In addition, lack of planning leads to the structuring of inefficient cities as to the use of productive, natural, and other resources. In this sense, the development of actions and policies, based on scientific research evidences, that make cities more egalitarian and sustainable places becomes fundamental. Reflections of better distribution of the benefits of urban agglomerations, as well as the rational use of resources, have direct and indirect benefits on the health of its residents and can be measured.
Cities are complex structures, where human beings shape their routines and their economic and social relations. The understanding of the interactions between individuals, nature, built spaces, institutions and other actors involved requires that scientific research in this field adopt multidisciplinary and pluralistic approaches, capable of accounting for objects of such complexity, and adequate to produce evidence of their causes and their effects on the health of populations. These are the general principles that guide the Cidacs’ Platform for Studies and Research on Equity and Urban Sustainability and its Effects on Health.